School-Based Intervention Idea from


Fluency: Self-Monitor and Graph Results to Increase Writing Fluency  (Rathvon, 1999)

Students gain motivation to write through daily monitoring and charting of their own and classwide rates of writing fluency.

At least several times per week, assign your students timed periods of ‘freewriting’ when they write in their personal journals. Freewriting periods all the same amount of time each day. After each freewriting period, direct each student to count up the number of words he or she has written in the daily journal entry (whether spelled correctly or not). Next, tell students to record their personal writing-fluency score in their journal and also chart the score on their own time-series graph for visual feedback. Then collect the day’s writing-fluency scores of all students in the class, sum those scores, and chart the results on a large time-series graph posted at the front of the room. At the start of each week, calculate that week’s goal of increasing total class words written by taking last week’s score and increasing by five percent. At the end of each week, review the class score and praise students if they have shown good effort.


Rathvon, N. (1999). Effective school interventions. New York: Guilford Press.

Copyright ©2017 Jim Wright