School-Based Intervention Idea from


Reading Comprehension: Anticipation Reading Guide  (Duffelmeyer, 1994; Merkley, 1996)

To activate their prior knowledge of a topic, students complete a brief questionnaire on which they must express agreement or disagreement with 'opinion' questions tied to the selection to be read; students then engage in a class discussion of their responses.

The instructor first constructs the questionnaire. Each item on the questionnaire is linked to the content of the article or story that the students will read. All questionnaire items use a 'forced-choice' format in which the student must simply agree or disagree with the item. After students have completed the questionnaire, the teacher reviews responses with the class, allowing students an opportunity to explain their rationale for their answers. Then students read the article or story.


Duffelmeyer, F.A. (1994). Effective anticipation guide statements for learning from expository prose. Journal of Reading, 37, 452 - 457.

Merkley, D.J. (1996). Modified anticipation guide. Reading Teacher, 50, 365-368.

Copyright ©2021 Jim Wright